1. Read the reading comprehension text in lesson 2 quickly and sign difficult words
2. Make a list of new vocabulary, read again & use your dictionary to look for the meaning of your difficult words
3. Reread the passage and Gist ideas of each paragraph
4. Answer questions given
5. Make a summary of the passage
submit your work in a form of the link from your drop box on time. Thanks.
Alfred Bernhard Nobel, a Swedish inventor and philanthropist, bequeathed most of his vast fortune to a trust that he designated as a fund from which annual prizes could be awarded to the individuals and organizations that had achieved through invention or discovery that which would have the greatest benefit to humanity in a particular year. According to the legend, Nobel’s death had been erroneously reported in newspaper, and the focus of the obituary was the fact that Nobel had invented dynamite. He rewrote his will in 1895, thereby establishing, with the original amount of nine million dollars, the Nobel Foundation as the legal owner and administering agent of the funds, and instituting the prizes that are named after him. Statutes to govern the awarding of the prizes were written, along with guidelines for operating procedures. Five years after Nobel’s death, the first five prizes, worth about forty thousand dollars each, were to be awarded.
Originally the five classifications for outstanding contributions designated in Nobel’s will included chemistry, physics, physiology or medicine, literature, and international peace. These prizes have been administered continually by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm since they were first awarded in 1901. In 1969, a sixth prize, for accomplishments in the field of economics and endowed by the Central Bank of Sweden, was added. Candidates for the prizes must be nominated in writing by February 1 of each year by a qualified and recognized authority in each of the fields of competition. Recipients in physics, chemistry, and economics are selected by the Royal Swedish Academy, whereas recipients in peace are chosen by the Norwegian Nobel Committee appointed by Norway’s parliament. With the King of Sweden officiating, the prizes are usually presented in Stockholm on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel’s death. The value, fame, and prestige of the Nobel Prizes have continued to grow. Today the prize includes a medal, a diploma, and a cash award of about one million dollars.
1. trust (trastt) kb. kepercayaan. 2 bus.: perserikatan. -kkt. 1 mempercayai, percaya kepada. 2 mempercayakan kepada. -trusted ks. dipercayai. t. friend teman yang dapat dipercayai. -trusting ks. penuh kepercayaan.
2. designated (dae sig neited) menunjuk.
3. achieved (e civd) mencapai.
4. through (thru) ks. 1 selesai, siap. 2 terus(an). -kk. 1 dari permulaan sampai habis. 2 terus. 3 menyambung. -kd. 1 melalui. 2 melewati, lewat. 3 karena. 4 terus. 5 diluar., melalui/sampai.
5. discovery (dis kaveri) kb. (j. -ries) penemuan, pendapatan.
6. establishing (es tablishing) menetapkan
7. govern (ga vern) kkt. 1 memerintah (a country). 2 menguasai (o’s temper). 3 menentukan (a decision). 4 berpengaruh atas . -kki. memerintah. -governing ks. yang memerintah., mengurus/memerintah.
8. guidelines (gaid lains) petunjuk.
9. worth (werth) kb. harga. -ks. 1 bernilai, cukup baik, bermanfaat. 2 berharga. 3 seimbang.
10. outstanding (autstaending) ks. 1 terkemuka, terkenal. o. student mahasiswa yang menonjol. 2 belum diselesaikan. debts o. hutang yang belum dilunasi.
11. included (inkluded) mencakup.
12. since (sins) kk. 1 sejak itu. -kd. semenjak. -ksamb. 1 karena. 2 sejak., [karena;sejak].
13. qualified (kwalifayd) lih qualify., berkwalitas.
14. prestige (praesstiz) kb. gengsi, perbawa, wibawa, martabat.
15. continued (kontinyud) melanjut.
1. What does this passage mainly discuss?
A. Alfred Bernhard Nobel
B. The Nobel Prizes
C. Great contributions to mankind
D. Swedish philanthropy
2. Why were the prizes named for Alfred Bernhard Nobel?
A. He left money in his will to establish a fund for the prizes
B. He won the first Nobel Prize for his work in philanthropy
C. He is now living in Sweden
D. He serves as chairman of the committee to choose the recipients of the prizes
3. The word will in paragraph 1 refers to
A. Nobel’s wishes C. a future intention
B. a legal document D. a free choice
4. How often are the Nobel Prizes awarded?
A. Five times a year C. Twice a year
B. Once a year D. Once every two years
5. The word outstanding in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by
A. recent C. established
B. unusual D. exceptional
6. A Nobel Prize would NOT be given to
A. an author who wrote a novel
B. a doctor who discovered a vaccine
C. a composer who wrote a symphony
D. a diplomat who negotiated a peace settlement
7. What does the author mean by the statement :
These prizes have been administered continually by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm since they were first awarded in 1901?
A. The Nobel Foundation oversees the management of the money and the distribution
of the prizes
B. The Nobel Foundation selects the recipients of the prizes
C. The Nobel Foundation solicits applications and recommendations for the prizes
D. The Nobel foundation recommends new prize classifications
8. Why are the award presented on December 10?
A. It is a tribute to the King of Sweden
B. Alfred Bernhard Nobel died on that
C. That date was established in Alfred Nobel’s will
D. The Central Bank of Sweden administers the trust
Reread the passage and Gist ideas of each paragraph
Alfred Berhard Nobel, a Swedish inventor and philanthropist, bequeathed most of his vast fortune to a trust that he designated as a fund from which annual prizes
Originally the five classifications for outstanding contributions designated in Nobel’s will included chemistry, physics, physiology or medicine, literature, and international peace.
Make a summary of the passage
Alfred Berhard Nobel bequeathed most of his vast fortune to a trust that he designated as a fund from which annual prizes and the classification for nobel’s are chemistry, physics, physiology or medicine, literature, and international peace.